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The Significance of the Son of David

August 1, 2021 Speaker: Dr. Rick Gregory Series:

Topic: Luke Verse: Luke 20:41–20:44

Theme: Jesus Christ is both fully man and fully God.

Introduction: There is usually a core tenet that serves as the foundation for a certain movement or faith. The core tenet of Socialism is that the government (as the representation of the people) should produce and distribute goods and services. Capitalism advocates for private ownership of the means of production and distribution, something taught in Scripture. Christianity also has a core tenet – without which Christianity is not Christian … Jesus Christ is God. 

The truth that Jesus Christ, the 2nd Person of the Triune God, became flesh in order to save us from our sins, lived a sinless life, and then died in our place only to rise from the dead and gives salvation to anyone who repents and believes in Him is the core tenet of Christianity. This is why it is the watershed doctrine – being denied by Mormons who believe Jesus is merely the older brother of Lucifer; Jehovah’s Witnesses who believe Jesus was Michael the archangel before His birth; Muslims who believe Jesus is one of the great prophets but upstaged by Muhammed; and Jews who believe Jesus was a moralist who went too far and blasphemed by claiming to be God and thereby disqualified Himself from consideration as the Promised One. Luke 22:66-71.

I. The Invitation to Identify the Savior – 20:41

A. The Malicious Objection to the Savior 

  • As the Sadducees began to withdraw and the Pharisees had already been embarrassingly bested, before they could skulk away, Jesus goes on the offensive: “Then He said to them, ‘How is it that they say the Christ is David’s son?’”
  • Luke streamlines this exchange as we are told that He first asked them a more generic question – cp. Matthew 22:42.
  • These religious leaders had been objecting to the offensive assertion that Jesus was the Messiah as He had been repeatedly called “the son of David” – cp. Matthew 9:27; Luke 18:38-39; Matthew 15:22; 21:9.
  • They had rebuked Jesus for allowing His followers to call Him “the son of David” – cp. Luke 19:39; Matthew 21:15.
  • They rejected, objected, resisted, and persisted in their malice toward Jesus for His “blasphemous” and “sacrilegious” claim to be the Messiah.

B. The Mercy Offered by the Savior 

  • Nevertheless, Jesus came to “seek and to save that which is lost.”
  • No amount of sinfulness, hard-heartedness, and rejection makes a person unworthy because we all begin unworthy – unworthy is the default status of every single one of us.
  • Jesus is aware of the spiritual destiny of all who reject Him – cp. John 8:24.
  • His question serves as an evangelistic appeal to anyone who would respond to the Gospel – in whose heart God’s Spirit might work to stir them to faith.
  • Up to the very last moment of possibility, Jesus was “holding forth the word of life” to others – seeking to save what was lost – Mark 12:34.
  • This question is an act of mercy on the part of Jesus who is about to be mercilessly murdered by illegal, immoral, and manipulative men who ached to relieve themselves of Jesus’ authority and intrusions into their lives.

II. The Indication of the Identity of the Savior – 20:42-43

A. The Inspired Communication re: Deity – v. 42a

  • Jesus immediately appeals to the Scriptures in response to their admission that the Messiah would be the Son of David.
  • Jesus states: “How is it that they say the Christ is David’s son? For David himself says in the book of Psalms …”
  • Jesus’ use of God’s Word here is so very important as it provides us with the lesson on where to go for the answers to our questions about His identity.
  • “The book of Psalms” is a book that contains a variety of Psalms written by men like David, Asaph, and others under the direction of the Holy Spirit.
  • Like the rest of Scripture, it is the result of the inspiration by God – an act provided through the Holy Spirit’s power and influence in the human authors – cp. Mark 12:35-36.
  • Jesus is not saying that the chief priests were wrong in their answer, but He is noting that their answer stops short of full comprehension of who the Messiah will be.
  • As He did with the Sadducees regarding the resurrection, He takes them to the Scriptures as the inspired and authoritative revelation from God and appeals to what it says.

B. The Indisputable Confession of Deity – vv. 42b-43

  • In this text, Jesus notes that under the guidance of the Holy Spirit when writing Psalm 110, David honored the Messiah as God – “The Lord said to My Lord, ‘Sit at My right hand, until I make Your enemies a footstool for Your feet?’”
  • The term Lord [κύριος] – used twice in this text – is the translation of the Hebrew word adonai [אָ