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Jesus Declares His Passion

April 4, 2021 Speaker: Dr. Rick Gregory Series:

Topic: Resurrection Verse: Luke 18:31–18:34

Theme: Jesus’ death for our sins was a deliberate act of love verified by God’s Word. 

I. He Declared the Plan – 18:31

A. His Commitment to the Plan 

  • Having spent the entirety of the journey to Jerusalem emphasizing that men cannot save themselves but must rely upon God to save them, Jesus now addresses the means by which God would do this.
  • Throughout His life, Jesus had remained aware and committed to the plan of God to redeem sinners – John 5:36; 6:38; 12:27-33.
  • He did what He did and avoided doing certain things because of His submission to the Father’s plan – John 2:4; 7:8, 30.
  • Since Luke 9:51, Jesus has been slowly progressing from Galilee down through Perea to cross the Jordan and head to Jerusalem to die.
  • That time had come and Jesus “took the twelve aside and said to them, ‘Behold, we are going up to Jerusalem …”
  • Jesus knew exactly what He was doing, where it was to happen, when it would occur, and why it had to happen … to provide redemption for us – Luke 9:21-22; Matthew 20:28; John 10:11.

B. His Confidence in the Plan 

  • The certainty shown by Christ demonstrates that this plan was settled even from before the foundation of the world – “… and all things which are written through the prophets about the Son of Man will be accomplished.”
  • From the moment that sin entered the world through Adam, God revealed that He had a plan – cp. Genesis 3:16. 
  • Throughout the remainder of history, God continued to unveil His plan until the fullness of time came when He sent His Son – cp. Galatians 4:4-5.
  • The prophets constantly spoke of Christ and the redemption that He would provide – cp. 1 Peter 1:10-11.
  • Taking only one such example from Psalm 22:
  1. v. 1: … the agony of spiritual death.
  2. vv. 6-8: … the taunting mockery.
  3. vv. 14-17: … physical suffering on the cross, including crucifixion
  4. v. 18: … the gambling for His clothes
  • From the provision of the Ram to Abraham, Passover lamb in Egypt, Serpent raised in the wilderness, and the scapegoats and sacrifices offered in the Tabernacle and then Temple, Jesus’ sacrifice was anticipated and pictured throughout the Old Testament.
  • Jesus was so confident in God’s plan, He says emphatically, it “… will be accomplished” [τελεσθήσεται] – to complete an activity or process – to bring something to completion or a finish – cp. John 19:30; John 17:4; Luke 22:37.
  • This term can also mean “to pay what is due.”


  1. How does Jesus’ knowledge of what He was facing affect your perception of His love for you? 
  2. Are you as confident in God’s plan to redeem you as Jesus was? What would enable you to gain greater confidence?

II. He Declared the Pain – 18:32-33a

A. The Pain of Exclusion – v. 32 

  • Jesus, knowing God’s plan – that He must suffer the pain of punishment for our sins understood that He would suffer in ways unimaginable.
  • Jesus declared that “He will be handed over to the Gentiles” – a reference to a multi-leveled rejection:
  1. He would be excluded by one of His own disciples – the treachery of the betrayal by Judas.
  2. He would be excluded by the leadership of Israel after a mock, unjust trial and “handed over to the Gentiles” – the Romans who alone had the authority to execute.
  3. He would be excluded by the people of Israel who called out for His crucifixion. 
  4. He would be excluded by the Father – who would abandon Him in the hour of His death.
  • The summary of what He would endure in this rejection reveals the level of humiliation and dishonor that He would know – “… and will be mocked and mistreated and spit upon.”
  1. Derided: “mocked” [ἐμπαίζω] – become the subject of derision.
  2. Disrespected: “mistreated” [

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